Tsev > Xov xwm > Ntsiab lus

Humic Acid Basic Knowledge

1. Humic acid yog sib tov ntawm cov organic organic macromolecular tebchaw. Nruab nrab ntawm cov av qeeg hauv cov av yog qhov loj tshaj plaws, av humic acid yog physicochemical heterogeneous txoj sib tov ntawm molecular luj yog polydisperse, sib tov yog ntuj, siab molecular phaus, daj rau dub, Amorphous, colloidal, rog thiab aromatic organic polyelectrolyte muaj pes tsawg leeg, tsis tuaj yeem siv ib cov qauv siv tshuaj.

Qhov thib ob, qhov twg yog humic acid tuaj?

1, av humic acid yug, feem ntau yog cov nroj tsuag nyob rau hauv qhov kev txiav txim ntawm microorganisms nyob rau hauv tsim ntawm ib chav kawm ntawm tshwj xeeb macromolecule organic compounds sib tov.

2, thee humic acid yog lub microbial decomposition thiab transformation ntawm cov nroj tsuag, tab sis kuj tom qab mus sij hawm ntev geological thiab tshuaj, thiab tsim muaj ib chav kawm ntawm cov sib xyaw organic sib xyaw organic sib xyaw.

Qeb peb, tus qauv thiab kev ua haujlwm ntawm humic acid

1, qauv

Humic acid yog ib chav kawm ntawm cov organic organic qaug cov kua qoob loo, muaj li ntawm fulvic acid, dub fulvic acid thiab xim av peb lub cev.

2, qhov muaj pes tsawg leeg ntawm cov ntsiab lus

Coal humic acid thiab av organic teeb meem nyob rau hauv humic acid muaj ib tug zoo sib xws thiab qhov ntawm ntsiab ntsiab lus ntawm humic acid carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, muaj ib tug me me ntawm nitrogen thiab sulfur, ntxiv rau ntau yam kev ua haujlwm pawg.

3, lub luag hauj lwm ntawm humic acid

Cov av organic yog feem ntau saum av qeeg, cov qia kua qaub nyob hauv corrosive acid yog lub cev lub cev thiab nws txoj kev sib xyaw nrog cov xaim hlau, humic acid yog tus tshaj plaws thiab zoo tshaj plaws ntawm cov organic teeb meem.

(1) qhov ncaj cov nyhuv ntawm humic acid

Txhawb cog kev loj hlob thiab nce qoob loo.

(2) indirect effect

Lub luag haujlwm ntawm lub cev

A. Txhim kho av av. B. Kev tiv thaiv ntawm av tawg thiab yaig. C. nce cov dej av uas muaj peev xwm tuav, ua kom txias txias. D. ua cov xim av ib tsos tsaus tsawv, yog qhov ua kom lub zog hnub ci zog. ② tshuaj lom neeg. A. Kho cov av pH. B. Txhim kho thiab optimize cog kev haum ntawm cov as-ham thiab dej. C. nce cov av tsis tuaj yeem ua haujlwm. D. Nyob rau hauv alkaline cov neeg mob, yog ib tug neeg sawv cev ntuj tsim (chelated nrog hlau ions, txhawb lub nqus ntawm cov nroj tsuag). E. Muaj nplua nuj nyob rau hauv cov organic teeb meem thiab cov zaub mov tsim nyog rau kev loj hlob ntawm cov nroj tsuag. F. Txhim kho qhov teeb meem ntawm cov organic chiv thiab txo qhov poob ntawm fertilizer. G. Lub cev nutrient hloov dua siab tshiab rau hauv lub xeev yooj yim absorbed los ntawm cov nroj tsuag. H. tuaj yeem ua kom lub cev muaj nitrogen tsawg, txo cov phosphorus immobilization, muaj peev xwm nkag mus rau cov av hauv nitrogen, phosphorus thiab potassium thiab lwm yam, tiv thaiv lub thawv khaws cia hauv av, thiab tuaj yeem ua tus txheej txheem ntawm cov cev, daim ntawv thov ntawm inorganic fertilizer Yog li, humic acid yog "cia" rau cov nroj tsuag as-ham thiab cov khoom muaj sia muaj sia.

③ muaj teeb meem lom

A. tsa txoj kev loj hlob thiab kev luam tawm ntawm kev microbes nyob rau hauv cov av. B. txhawm rau txhim kho cov kab mob nroj tsuag uas tsis muaj zog, kab tsis ua hauj lwm.

Qeb plaub, feem ntau yog siv cov tshuaj humic acid thiab yam ntxwv

Nyob rau ntawm tam sim no, humic acid feem ntau siv raws li fertilizer faib rau lignite humic acid, weathered thee humic acid, peat (grassland humic acid).

1, lignite humic acid yog theem thib ob ntawm cov txheej txheem ntawm cov roj (diagenetic) cov khoom, rau qhov iab theem tsis muaj humic acid, lignite humic acid nyob rau hauv cov ntsiab lus ntawm 1-85%, xim av xim av xim av, dub, raws li rau qhov tob tau muab faib ua

(1) av lignite: cov degree ntawm coalification yog ntiav, cov ntsiab lus qes, cov ntsiab lus humic acid siab dua, feem ntau tshaj 40%.

(2) cov xim ci xim av: qhov tob tob ntawm cov xim, cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov pa roj carbon dioxide ntau, cov ntsiab lus humic acid tsawg, feem ntau 1-10%.

(3) ntom ntom lignite: nruab nrab ntawm (1) thiab (2) ntawm cov ntsiab lus humic acid ntawm li ntawm 30%.

2, weathered coal humic acid uas tawm hauv cov av, feem ntau hu ua Johnson. Feem ntau nyob ze los yog raug rau cov nplais ntawm cov lignite, bituminous thee, anthracite, los ntawm huab cua, hnub ci, los nag thiab daus, xuab zeb, khov thiab lwm yam infiltration ntawm weathering, thiab tsim ntawm cov khoom. Humic acid uas ua los ntawm cov txheej txheem no yog weathering coal humic acid, kuj hu ua natural regenerated humic acid, cov ntsiab lus humic acid nyob rau hauv cov hluav taws xob cov hluav taws xob, xws li 5-80%.

3, peat (peat, peat, lwm yam) humic acid

Peat yog thawj theem ntawm cov roj tsim, kuj hu ua peat, Suav peat humic acid cov ntsiab lus nyob rau hauv 20-40%. Peat nyob rau hauv cov organic teeb meem, tsis yog decomposed los ntawm cov nroj tsuag pov tseg thiab humic acid nyob tus yeees, Suav peat humic acid ntsiab lus ntawm 20-40%.

Thib tsib, txoj kev loj hlob ntawm cov av qeeg hum

1, tag nrho cov txheej txheem ntawm cov zaub mov ntsuab, kev tswj fais fab kev tswj, tag nrho tau mus txog EU, Teb Chaws Asmeskas, Nyiv thiab lwm lub teb chaws, zaub mov zoo thiab kev nyab xeeb, tau nyob hauv cov qauv thoob ntiaj teb, tab sis yuav ua li cas tsim ntsuab thiab nyab xeeb zaub mov, qhov teeb meem tseem ceeb nyob rau hauv yuav ua li cas kov yeej thiab tiv thaiv qhov teeb meem ntawm av pa phem Los ntawm lub ntsiab ntawm fertilization, peb yuav tsum ua raws li kev sib txuas ntawm cov organic thiab inorganic chiv, kev siv humic acid fertilizer yog tsuas xaiv, humic acid thiab chiv quav tau ua ke kom tiav 1 1 1 2> cov kev ua haujlwm nrog.

2, ntau cov kev tshawb fawb tau pom tias humic acid yog ib tug phooj ywg ntawm inorganic chiv, nitrogen fertilizer yog tus tso qis tso tawm thiab stabilizer, phosphate fertilizer synergist, potash tus neeg saib xyuas kev tiv thaiv, yog qhov kab ntawm tus tswj thiab cov neeg sawv cev ntawm chelating, Acid ib tug tseem ceeb synergistic ntxim rau fertilizer, yog lub ntiaj teb lub fertilizer nyob rau hauv Everest.

3, lub neej yav tom ntej ntawm kev loj hlob ntawm humic acid chiv yog: ntse, kev, composite, lub sij hawm ntev, granular thiab lub regional dag roj.

Nws yuav pom tau hais tias kev loj hlob thiab kev siv ntawm humic acid chiv yog broad prospects. Tsuas yog humic acid chiv muaj peev xwm siv tau los mus paub lub greening ntawm agricultural chiv kom txhim kho thiab txhawb kev tsim khoom thiab kev loj hlob ntawm ntsuab agricultural cov khoom.

Xyoo, kev siv tshuaj ntau ntau hauv cov chiv thiab cov tshuaj tua kab ua rau muaj kev txhim kho thiab kev txhim kho kev txhawj xeeb, kaum xyoo ntawm Tuam Tshoj cov chiv noj nce 10 zaus, tab sis cov khoom noj tau nce ntxiv los ntawm tsuas yog 1 zaug, qhia tias cov chiv tau siv ntau dhau lawm, , 50 xyoo tom qab, Tuam Tshoj yuav muaj ib feem ntawm lub teb chaws thaj av mus ua av thaj av, raws li cov kws txawj kwv yees hais tias lub ntiaj teb no, raws li cov pa paug niaj hnub no, tsis siv 30 xyoo, lub ntiaj teb yog qhov nyuaj nrhiav tau ib qho av huv.

1, los txhawb kev tshaj lij thiab kev siv tshuab, kev siv tshuaj tua kab, chiv.

2, coj tawm cov tshuaj tua kab lom, txhawb kev tiv thaiv tus kab mob yeeb ncuab thiab kev kho mob, kab tua kab.

3, los txhawb cov neeg ua liaj ua teb kom siv ua liaj ua teb

4, kev loj hlob ntawm cov zaub mov ntsuab, cov zaub mov organic.

5, los coj kev siv cov tshuaj tua kab kom txo cov kev siv tshuaj tua kab, thiab maj mam txo cov tshuaj chiv, cov tshuaj tua kab. Qhov no yog ib qho tseem ceeb thiab ua haujlwm ceev ntawm kev tawm tsam kev ua liaj ua teb thiab kev lag luam. Nws yog ib qho tsim nyog yuav tau npaj thiab muab xa tawm sai sai, ntxiv dag zog rau kev taw qhia thiab ua tib zoo saib xyuas kom ua raws li kev ua tiav.

Cov lus qhia ua tau piav qhia cov organic chiv kom ntau dua, nruj me ntsis tswj tus nqi ntawm cov chiv pleev, yog ib qho tseem ceeb ua haujlwm. Lub

Thib ob, qhov tshwj xeeb siv ntawm humic acid fertilizer

Humic acid yog ib hom ntawm cov organic chiv nrog cov khoom noj khoom haus siab tshaj plaws thiab qhov zoo tshaj plaws cov nyhuv. Nws yog ib qho kev txhim kho ntawm cov av thiab qeeb tso tus neeg sawv cev ntawm tshuaj chiv. Ua ke nrog ntawm humic acid thiab tshuaj chiv tau muaj peev xwm paub 1 + 1> 2 ntawm cov kev txuam nrog, uas yog txhua yam kev chiv tsis muaj peev xwm ua tau.

Thib peb, ntau cov kev ntsuas los txhawb kev ua liaj ua teb

Ntawm lub luag hauj lwm ntawm kev ua liaj ua teb cov cuab yeej siv, tsis tuaj yeem yog ib qho kev ntsuam xyuas, yuav tsum muaj kev kho mob, tam sim no cov nyhuv ua tau zoo tuaj yeem kho cov noob tsis yog tib qhov chaw rau cov khoom, kev kuaj cov av tsuas yog cov chiv, fertilization, Cov qoob loo, kev siv qoob loo, kev ua qoob thiab kev qaug tshuaj tua kab, qoob qoob loo, cov cuab yeej ua haujlwm, kev txuag tillage, kev txuag dej thiab kev txuag dej, cov nyiaj khwv tau los "thiab" lub tswv yim dag "Muaj peev xwm tsuas yog ua tiav 1 + 1> 2 tshwj xeeb, ib qho technology xwb, nws tsis muaj peev xwm ua kom cuag tau cov kev txuam no.

Nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv ntawm cov chiv xaiv, tam sim no daim ntawv thov ntawm multifunctional humic acid chiv yog feem ntau nqis thiab zoo xaiv.

Qeb plaub, lub luag hauj lwm ntawm humic acid nyob rau ntau lub zog

1, humic acid yog dej, dej cia ua haujlwm ntawm cov khoom siv organic colloidal

Humic acid cation pauv txav, muaj zog adsorption tsis thiab chelating muaj peev xwm, muaj peev xwm txhim kho cov av siv kev siv, tsis tuaj kua qaub thiab alkali muaj mob thiab yog li ntawd.

Humic acid yog lub cev muaj dej tsis muaj zog, muaj dej txaus, dej ua kom muaj dej, feem ntau yog 50% -60%, thaum humic acid khoom dej txaus ntawm li 500% -600%, yog li, Siv ntawm humic acid chiv yog lig nyob rau hauv kev txhim kho av noo noo.

2, humic acid tuaj yeem txhim kho cov av av

Organic soil yog cov organic-inorganic complex, cov quav hauv cov pob zeb tsis muaj feem xyuam rau cov av hauv li ntawm 95% ntawm cov av av chiv muaj qee yam, thiab tsis tuaj yeem hloov los ntawm cov khoom siv dag zog, organic colloids uas humic tshuaj, feem ntau Tsuas hais txog 5 % ntawm cov organic-inorganic complex, tab sis nws muaj tib lub luag hauj lwm tseem ceeb xws li cov ntxhia pob zeb, thiab tuaj yeem siv cov khoom tsim los tswj, daim ntawv thov ntawm cov organic chiv, kev siv humic acid av zoo thiab av khov kho fertilizer, nce av Cov ntsiab lus ntawm humic acid nyob rau hauv av, daim ntawv thov ntawm humic acid raws li tsim los ntawm av aggregate qauv ntawm lub nplaum, txhim kho cov av organic - inorganic compound degree, nce ntawm av loj loj dej - ruaj khov aggregates, li ntawd cov av qauv yog zoo tuaj , Daim ntawv thov ntawm humic acid chiv, tau zoo txhim kho lub cev nqaij daim tawv ntawm ntau yam xau, yog li ntawd, nws yog hais tias humic acid yog ib tug zoo av txias.

3, foliar txau humic acid kua chiv, ua tau kom txo tau cov kab mob stomatal, txo cov dej tso tawm thiab poob. Raws li kev sim cov nplej uas txuag tau fulvic acid, cov nplooj ntoos stomatal conductance ntawm nplej poob 33.7% piv nrog kev tswj. , Cov nplej txau fulvic acid, tsis tsuas yog txo lub stomatal conductance ntawm nplooj, tab sis kuj los txo lub qhib ntawm lub hom qoob mog stomata thiab stomatal kaw, tab sis kuj rau lub nplej muab cov khoom noj.

4, humic acid tuaj yeem tsim txoj kev loj hlob ntawm cov qoob loo, txhawb txoj kev muaj peev xwm ntawm keeb kwm ntawm dej nqus dej.

Humic acid muaj ntau yam tshuaj lom neeg thiab kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov neeg ua haujlwm, nrog rau lub luag haujlwm ntawm stimulating kev loj hlob thiab kev loj hlob ntawm cov qoob loo yuav ua rau cov noob thaum ntxov germination, thaum ntxov tshwm sim, thaum ntxov flowering, txiv hmab txiv ntoo thaum ntxov, tab sis kuj nce lub hauv paus ntev, paus thiab paus Vitality, thiab txhim khu lub peev xwm ntawm qoob loo keeb kwm kom nqus cov as-ham thiab noo noo.

5, humic acid tuaj yeem txhim kho cov nroj tsuag ntawm tus kheej cov kev tswj kev ua haujlwm, txhawm rau qoob loo txias.

Daim ntawv thov ntawm humic acid fertilizer yuav txhim khu cov kev ua ntawm enzymes nyob rau hauv av thiab cov nroj tsuag lub cev, tswj lub physiological metabolism ntawm cov qoob loo thiab txhim kho cov adaptability ntawm cov qoob loo rau adverse environmental conditions.

Hauv daim ntawv, humic acid thiab humic acid chiv tuaj yeem txhim kho cov av av, txhim kho cov av thiab cov khoom siv tshuaj, txhim khu av dej kom zoo, cov peev xwm chiv, ua kom cov qoob loo loj hlob thiab txhim kho, txhim kho dej txaus, txo cov nplooj dej txig thiab ploj lub peev xwm ntawm cov qoob loo los tiv thaiv kev tsis zoo, thiab txhim kho dej thiab kev siv tshuaj.

Rau rau kev ua tau zoo:

Qhov ua tau ntev ntawm cov organic fertilizer, cov nyhuv ntawm cov chiv hauv av, cov potency ntawm bio-fertilizer, ntau hom pob zeb hauv av chiv, qhov ntau ntawm cov chaw cog qoob loo thiab kev yoojyim ntawm fertilization.

Kaum haujlwm:

Kev ua kom av, chiv thiab av noo noo, tshem lub rooj tsavxwm, kev tawm tsam siab rau replanting, muaj zog tsis kam mus tsim kho txoj kev loj hlob ntawm txoj kev loj hlob sai, kev txo kom tsawg, hauv paus tsim, ntsuab.

Plaub ntsiab lus loj:

Cov ntsiab lus siab tshaj plaws, kev ua kom khov tshaj plaws, tus nqi siab tshaj, qhov kev pab zoo tshaj plaws.

Dab tsi yog humic acid organic fertilizer?

Kev siv cov lignite, roj shale thiab lwm yam raw khoom, siv ntau hom kev tsim ntau yam, nrog coob tus humic acid thiab qoob loo loj hlob thiab kev loj hlob uas yuav tsum tau los ntawm cov pa, phosphorus, potassium thiab qee cov kab hauv cov khoom, hu ua humic acid organic fertilizer Lub

Dab tsi yog qhov txawv ntawm humic acid thiab organic manure?

Farmer manure los ntawm kev ua tiav kom tiav, tuaj yeem siv rau cov av, thiab xav tau kev hloov ntev, thiab thaum kawg mus rau hauv av qoob loo qoob ua kom nqus, thiab humic acid organic fertilizer rau cov qoob loo ncaj qha rau cov khoom tsim nyog, tshaj li ua liaj ua teb chiv Ntau yooj yim absorbed, kev siv ntawm high, sai.

High kev ua haujlwm humic acid muaj nuj nqi

High activity humic acid, organic ua ke ntawm microorganisms thiab high quality humic acid, khoom ua si siab, cov nyhuv yog pom tseeb. Kev ua haujlwm tseem ceeb:

Ua ntej, txhim kho cov av av, txhawb kev tsim cov aggregates, ua kom sib haum ntawm av dej, chiv, roj, cua sov, ob leeg qhov cua, tab sis kuj dej, tsis crust.

Thib ob, txhim khu av fertility thiab chiv muaj peev xwm, kom muaj peev xwm ua tau chiv, txo cov nutrient poob, fertilizer rau ib lub sij hawm ntev, yog li ntawd ntau yam ceev tshuaj chiv los ntawm lub "cua daj, tsiv, luv" ua "qeeb, ruaj khov,

Thib peb, los txhim kho cov av qaub av, txo cov kev mob tshwm sim ntawm kev mob lom.

Plaub, lub sijhawm microbial kev ua ub no los muab cov khoom noj uas tsim nyog los txhawb kev cog lus microbial thiab cov kev ua ub no, thiab txhawb kev ua ub ua no ntawm cov kab mob.

5, los txhim kho kev siv cov tshuaj chiv, av qaub thiab nitrogen, nitrogen fertilizer yield tuaj yeem nce ntxiv li ntawm 10%, phosphorus siv tau ntau tshaj ob npaug.

6, muaj peev xwm ua tau thaum ntxov tuaj yeem thiab txhim kho cov noob qe thiab qhov tshwm sim rov tuaj, nrog rau qee cov qoob rau cov qia kua qaub, yuav tuaj yeem tuaj yeem 1-3 hnub ua ntej, qhov tshwm sim rov qab yog 10% -25%.

Xya, los txhawb lub hauv paus thiab txhim kho kev muaj peev xwm dej cag, nrog humic acid dip root dip root, crop roots sai sai, hauv paus tooj, paus poob nce, thiab txhim khu lub hauv paus ntawm lub cev muaj peev xwm.

Yim, yuav txhim khu kev loj hlob ntawm cov plab hnyuv siab raum, thaum ntxov flowering, txhim kho tus nqi ntawm pollination, nce hnyav hnyav, txiv hmab txiv ntoo luj.

9, lug txhim khu cov qoob loo tiv thaiv, kev siv cov qoob loo kua qoob loo zuj zug hab drought tsi ua le caag, muaj peev xwm tiv thaiv tsi tau zoo.

10, los tsim cov qoob loo loj hlob thiab kev loj hlob, kev siv humic acid tuaj yeem txhim khu kev ua ntau yam ntawm cov enzymes, txhim kho kev muaj peev xwm ntawm cov qoob loo kom nqus dej thiab cov khoom noj, txhim kho cov qoob loo metabolism, nce kev loj hlob thiab kev loj hlob, thaum ntxov kom loj hlob, zoo dua qub.