Tsev > Xov xwm > Ntsiab lus

Orchard Av Organic Matter Enhancement Pathway

Jul 18, 2018


Av organic xuab yog hais txog tag nrho cov hom organic compounds nrog carbon hauv av nyob rau hauv ntau yam ntaub ntawv. Nws muaj cov khoom sib txawv ntawm cov khoom sib txawv thiab cov khoom sib txuas ntawm cov tsiaj, cov nroj tsuag thiab cov microbial seem hauv av. Cov av organic muaj tag nrho cov kev muab tshuaj rau cov nroj tsuag loj hlob, nrog cov mineralization ntawm cov organic teeb meem, tas li tso tawm rau cov nroj tsuag thiab kev siv microbes, tib lub sij hawm tso tawm microbial lub neej kev ua ub no yuav tsum tau muaj zog, thiab txhim kho cov av ntawm cov av, hloov cov thermal thaj chaw ntawm cov av, feem xyuam rau cov av cation txauv peev, thiab lwm yam dej num thiab thaum kawg cuam tshuam cov av av thiab cov chemistry. Cov av organic teeb meem yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm kev cog qoob loo hauv av txiv hmab txiv ntoo. Cov av organic muaj peev xwm ua tau ncaj qha rau cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo cog kev loj hlob kom muaj ntau npaum li cov ntsiab lus thiab cov khoom muaj sia muaj zog, zoo li cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo, cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo zoo, . Yog li ntawd, nws yog tus yuam sij rau txhim kho av fertility ntawm orchard kom cov av organic teeb meem cov ntsiab lus.


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Txoj kev los mus txhim kho av cov noob organic:

Kev tshawb ntawm cov organic fertilizer, zaub ntug hauv av overching, cog zaub cog, zaub cog thiab nroj cov nyom yog cov kev ntsuas zoo los txhim kho cov av cov organic.

1) thov organic chiv

Noob organic fertilizer nyob rau hauv orchards yog ib qho tseem ceeb ntsuas los txhim kho av cov organic teeb meem, fertilize cov av thiab txhim kho cov av zoo ntawm orchards. Daim ntawv thov ntawm cov organic fertilizer tau significantly nce cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov av organic teeb meem, thiab nce ntawm cov organic teeb meem yog ncaj qha ntsig txog feem ntau daim ntawv thov. Muaj ntau hom organic chiv qhov chaw, feem ntau xws li tib neeg thiab tsiaj cov quav nroj tsuag, seem residues, ntau hom ncuav mog qab zib fertilizer, compost, composting, chiv, quav chiv, quav tsiaj, ntsuab quav thiab lwm yam ua liaj ua teb chiv thiab khoom organic chiv. Nrog cov av qoob loo rau xyoo tshiab, cov av organic av, tag nrho cov nitrogen, tag nrho phosphorus thiab muaj phosphorus thiab cov ntsiab lus muaj potassium muaj zog, alkali solution nitrogen hauv cov av tau nyob rau hauv ib qho chaw ruaj khov, thiab tshuaj chiv av alkaline hydrolysis n yog poob ib xyoo dhau ib xyoo.

2) txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntoo litter

Nws kuj yog ib qho tseem ceeb ntawm kev txhim kho av cov organic teeb meem kom rov tuaj yeem txiv hmab txiv ntoo tuaj tom qab tom qab kev kho mob. Yog hais tias cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo tsob ntoo them ncaj qha nyob rau hauv ib tsob ntoo, uas nqa cov kab mob thiab kab tsuag ntawm qhov chaw tuaj yeem tsim kev puas tsuaj rau lub vaj txiv ntoo, litter tau sau rau composting, high-temperature heap kev noj nyiaj txiag tom qab sterilization, ces thov mus rau orchard.

3) kev pabcuam ntawm orchard

Orchard overlaying yog siv qoob loo straw, nroj nyob rau hauv lub orchard, tuag ceg thiab nplooj ntawm txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntoo raws li npog cov ntaub ntawv. Yeeb nplooj thiab qhuav hauv paus, xws li mowing cov nyom tom qab cov commune raug xa tawm hauv 0 ~ 20 cm av txheej, nyob hauv cov av degradation, pom, tsim ntawm humus, tuaj yeem ua rau cov av organic khoom ntxiv.

4) vaj zaub nyom

Orchard nyom cog yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws thiab txoj hauv kev zoo los txhim kho lub orchard av organic teeb meem, yug los ntawm nyom keeb kwm thiab nplooj residue ntau rau hauv orchard, thiab nyob rau hauv cov av degradation, pom, av organic teeb meem nce. Ob qho khoom pov tseg thiab tej nroj tsuag muaj peev xwm nce cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov teeb meem hauv cov organic hauv av 2.4% ~ 57.5%. Cov txiaj ntsig ntawm txoj kev tshawb no tau lees paub tias cov khoom noj ntawm cov ceg ntoo, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog legume forage, yog ib txoj hauv kev zoo rau fertilize cov av. Legume ntsuab fertilizer muaj cov yam ntxwv ntawm kev loj hlob sai, siab tawm los, kev noj haus, cov ntsiab lus tsis qab qab nyhav, kev siv tus nqi, yooj yim rau lwj, raws sij hawm chiv khoom.

5) tsim kev cog qoob loo ntawm ecological orchards

Nws tseem yog ib txoj hauv kev zoo los txhim kho cov av cov organic teeb meem los tsim cov ecological orchards nrog cov nyom loj hlob hauv cov txiv ntoo thiab tsim cov nqaij qaib.


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Saib ntawm cov zaub ntug hauv av hauv av hauv Teb Chaws Suav, cov quav nroj tsis haum yog tsis txaus, tsis muaj organic chiv qhov chaw, tsis muaj hauj lwm, thiab kev tswj hwm kev tswjhwm, ua rau cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo tuaj yeem ua rau cov av qoob loo, nyom cog, zoo zoo heev rau cov tsiaj txhu hauv hav txwv yeem los ntawm kev siv ntawm, ntxiv dag zog rau kev tshawb fawb ntawm compound system, txiv hmab txiv ntoo nyom yog los txhim kho tus txheej xwm ntawm fertility degradation ntawm orchard, txhim kho cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo zoo, txoj hauv kev los txhawb lub sustainable siv ntawm orchard kev noj qab haus huv.